There are a large number of problems which may occur to the teeth of people. Gingivitis is one of them. It is a periodontal disease. It causes infection and inflammation on those parts of the teeth which support it. Periodontal ligaments, tooth sockets and gums are also infected by this disease. Many people are unaware about the causes of gingivitis. The main cause of this disease is the deposition of plaque over the teeth. Plaque is a yellow kind of sticky material which is formed by the blend of mucus, bacteria and scraps of food. Decay in tooth is also caused by plaque. When plaque is not removed then it changes in to tartar. It causes inflammation and infection in the gums.
In order to know that someone is suffering from gingivitis, a dentist looks for some specific symptoms. Bleeding gums are among the most common symptoms of gingivitis. If someone has this disease, his teeth bleed even if he brushes them in a gentle manner. People who suffer from this problem may have very red or purple-red colored gums. Pain in gums also exists if gingivitis is present. Swelling in gums may also be an indicator of this disease. Gums may become shinier and sores may appear inside the mouth of a person suffering from this disease.
While treating this disease, the main motive of the dentists is to stop inflammation caused by it. Tooth cleansing is done by the dentists in a perfect manner. Different kinds of instruments are used by the dentists for making the teeth free from the plaque and tartar. Once the teeth are cleaned, the patient needs to learn the techniques of cleaning the teeth in a proper manner. Dentists tell people about the right way to brush and floss the teeth. Gingivitis patients are advised to get their teeth cleaned by a dentist for once or twice in a year or more depending on the severity of the disease. Dentists also prescribe antibacterial rinses to the people who suffer from this disease. Maintaining oral hygiene is very important for preventing the recurrence of gingivitis.